But in the tub example, the water in the tub doesn’t “know” about the drain or the area around the tub.Given the chance the water would flow out of the tub and into a new, lower, ground state.
In essence, these natural sponges were doing humanity a huge service by disposing of much of its gaseous waste. In any physical system you’ll find that there’s an energy “ground state” that the system tries to approach.For example, if you pour water into a bathtub there are a lot of ways that the water could arrange itself, but it will rapidly try to assume the ground state: being as low and still as possible.Then the paleontologists use the geologists' dates as evidence for the age of the fossils! The relative order of the strata was first determined by the principles of stratification. Beagle, a very strong Bible believer, made it a point to have a copy of Lyell's book for the ship's library.(The principle of superposition was recognized as early as 1669 by Steno.) Reverend Benjamin Richardson and Reverend Joseph Townsend were a couple of early geologists involved in this work. Obviously, even Lyell was not pushing evolution at the time.That raises a conundrum: If the amount of the gas that people are putting out has stopped rising, how can the amount that stays in the air be going up faster than ever?